Black Russian Terrier
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The Black Russian Terrier was developed in the
1950s by the former Soviet Union (Red Star Kennel)
for use as a working dog which could withstand
the extreme climate. Giant Schnauzer and Airedale
crosses were selectively bred with Airedale and
Rottweiler crosses and Giant Schnauzer and Rottweiler
crosses. The number of breeds in all totaled between
17 and 20 when the breed was finally perfected.
This new breed was exhibited at a large all-Russian
Dog show in 1957. Interest was sparked with private
breeders and after a few more combinations of
additional breeding, the Black Russian Terrier
spread to Ukraine and Siberia and then to Finland,
Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. and to the United
States. It was first exhibited in the United States
The Black Russian Terrier is a large, muscular,
easy to train and highly intelligent dog. It is
a natural guard dog, but its protective instinct
is slow to mature and is not present until the
breed is between a year and a half to two years.
The Black Russian Terrier was fully recognized
by the AKC in the Working Group on July 1, 2004.
at withers for a Black Russian Terrier dog is
27-30½ inches tall (68-77 cm) and for bitches
26-28½ inches (66-72 cm).
Black Russian Terrier weighs 80 to 143 pounds
Coat Type: The
Black Russian Terrier's coat is coarse and wiry.
Tousled double coat. Undercoat is dense. Coat
is weatherproof, slightly waved. It should be
between 4-10 cm (1.4-4 inches) in length. The
coat should resemble a beard and eyebrows. The
Black Russian Terrier is a minimal shedder and
basic grooming includes brushing just once a week.
Hair from the ear ducts should be removed.
Color: The color
of the Black Russian Terrier's coat is black or
black with some gray hairs.
The Black Russian Terrier is confident, brave,
loyal and highly intelligent. Proper socialization
and training are necessary, otherwise, Black Russian
Terriers can become aggressive. They make great
family dogs and they enjoy attention and need
stimulation. Black Russian Terriers are eager
to please its master. These dogs are protective
and make great guard dogs. Black Russian Terriers
need to warm up to strangers.
The Black Russian Terrier is a generally healthy
and has a life span of between 10 to 14 years.
Hereditary diseases which can affect the Black
Russian Terrier include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia
and progressive retinal atrophy.
• Although 'Terrier' is part of this breed's
name, it does not belong to the Terrier group.
• The Black Russian Terrier was developed
by the Russian military from these breeds - Giant
Schnauzers, Rottweilers and Airedales.
AKC: Working Group 3
ANKC: Utility Group 6
CKC: Terrier Group
FCI: Group 2 - Section 1 Pinscher & Schnauzer
KC: Working Group