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The Briard, which is French in origin, is a working
dog that dates back to the 8th century. Initially,
these dogs protected their owners from wolves
and poachers. However, after the division in land,
increase in population and then the French Revolution,
their role changed to herding and as a guard dog.
A group of sheepdog fanciers created the first
Briard standard in 1897 and then in 1909, the
French association - Les Amis du Briard - was
Who receives credit for introducing the Briard
to the United States? It's a toss up between Marquis
de Lafayette and Thomas Jefferson. There are records
indicating they both did so about the same time.
In 1922, a litter of Briards was registered with
the AKC and in 1928 the Briard Club of America
The Briard is an excellent companion dog, but
isn't a perfect fit for everyone. Their character
is developed by the love, time, attention and
affection from their owner. In addition to herding,
guard and watchdog roles, the Briard is also used
in police work, military work and search &
height of a Briard is 22 to 27 inches (58 to 69
cm) at the withers.
weight of a Briard is 70 to 80 lbs (32 - 36 kg).
Coat Type: The
Briard has a double-coat. The other coat is harsh,
long and slightly wavy. The undercoat is fine
and tight. Regular grooming is required to prevent
matting. A well-groomed Briard sheds minimally.
Color: The Briard
can be any of several different solid colors or
lighter colors with darker or light ears and face.
All uniform colors are permitted except white.
The Briard is loyal, protective, loving and good
with children. This breed has an excellent memory
and is confident, fearless and has a mind of its
own. The Briard is aloof with strangers, therefore
proper introduction is necessary. Early socialization
is imperative - the Briard needs exposure to different
places such as parks and pet stores which will
help him become more well-rounded. This breed
is eager to please its master.
The Briard is generally a healthy breed. Health
concerns include cancer, bloat, hip dysplasia,
CSNB - congenital stationary night blindness (although
not common), hypothyroidism and eye conditions
such as minor cataracts, corneal Dystrophy, and
• The Briard remains among the most popular
of the herding breeds in France.
• Marquis de Lafayette and Thomas Jefferson
are both credited with bringing bringing specimens
of the Briard to the Americas.
• Famous Briards include "Tramp' on
My Three Sons, "Them" on the
Addams Family, and 'Rosie' on Dennis
AKC: Herding Group
ANKC: Group 5 - Working Dogs
CKC: Group 7 - Herding Dogs
FCI: Group 1 Section 1 Sheepdogs
UKC: Herding Dogs