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The Dachshund has a strong mix of both hound
and terrier characteristics: he has a strong
sense of smell, a loud voice and he also
has the built-in instinct to search out
vermin and rodents. In Germany, where the
breed has existed since the early 1600s,
the dog was named Dachshund which means
"badger dog" and historians believe
the original smooth variety evolved from
the French Basset. Later on, crosses with
field spaniels created the longhaired type
and crosses with terriers created the wirehaired
types. Miniature versions of all three coat
varieties were then developed by breeding
only the smallest specimens from subsequent
litters. The breed became popular and was
recognized in the late 1800s in Britain
and North America. The Dachshund enjoys
family life in the country or the city.
The combination of excellent tracking abilities
and short, compact yet muscular body made
the Dachshund an obvious choice for game
which liked to burrow or hide in dense thickets.
Miniature Dachshunds are generally under
9" (23 cm), while the Standard Dachshunds
are several inches taller.
The Miniature Dachshund variety must weigh
under 10 lbs (4.5 kg) and the Standard variety
usually weighs between 16 and 32 lbs (7-14
The Dachshund has three coat-types: smooth,
longhaired and wirehaired. The Smooth's
coat is short, flat-lying and shiny. The
Longhaired's coat is longer, wavy, and glossy.
The Wirehaired's coat is thick, tight and
wiry and is the most weather-resistant of
the three types. Colors for all types are
solid red, or black with tan markings. The
Longhaired and Wirehaired require extra
attention for grooming purposes.
The Dachshund is intelligent, energetic
and brave beyond his means. They make lively,
friendly, loyal family pets.
Epilepsy has been demonstrated to have a
genetic component in this breed. The Dachshund
has a very long back, and is the breed at
most risk for disk-related problems (studies
have shown that about 25% of Dachshunds
will have some disk-related problems in
their life). Therefore he should not be
allowed to jump from heights, including
chairs and beds. He needs moderate, daily
exercise to prevent him from becoming overweight,
particularly in his senior years. Dachshunds
are prone to eye disorders and osteoporosis.
Dachshunds were a favorite of Queen Victoria's,
and she was a serious Dachshund breeder.
Because of their fearlessness, Dachshunds
have been known to get into trouble which
they can't get out of easily; for example,
they can scale a high chain link fence but
strand themselves at the top.
AKC: Group 2 - Hounds
ANKC: Group 4 - Hounds
CKC: Group 2 - Hounds
FCI: Group 4 Section 1 Dachshunds
KC: Sporting - Hound Group
UKC: Scenthound Breeds