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Although the Papillon may have originated
in Spain or Italy hundreds and hundreds
of years ago, both France and Belgium claim
to have perfected and refined the breed.
Despite the confusion, what is known is
that the Papillon has been breeding true
to type for the last 700 years - paintings
of the old masters depict children of royalty
at play with their Papillons. The most distinguishing
feature of the breed is its wide, erect
and fringed ears which give it the appearance
of a butterfly, or "papillon"
in French. Despite its popularity with the
French royalty, it wasn't until the early
to mid-1900s that the Papillon became popular
in other parts of Europe and overseas. This
handsome toy breed is well-suited to apartment
living and does not need much outdoor exercise.
The drop-eared variety, known as the Phalène,
is allowed; however, in Europe they are
considered a separate breed.
The height of a Papillon is 8 - 11"
(20.3 - 27.9cm)
Papillons weigh 9 - 10 lbs (4 - 4.5 kg)
The Papillon's coat is profuse, long, fine,
and silky. There is a frill on the chest
and a long fringe on the ears. There is
The Papillon's coat is white
with markings of any other color; some are
tri-color (white, black and tan). Regular
brushing takes care of its grooming needs.
The Papillon is a quiet, devoted, and protective
pet, although it can also be lively and
playful at times.
PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy)
which affects the eyes and blinds the dog
eventually is found in Papillon. As well,
Patella Luxatiois a problem with the knees;
it is measured in Putnam scale, with a measurement
of 0+0 indicating totally healthy knees,
and a 4+4 measurement indicating severely
affected knees. All responsible breeders
should have their dogs tested for at least
these two diseases Some clubs, such as the
Scandinavian breed clubs request this testing.
Marie Antoinette had a Papillon,
and it was rumored that she was so attached
to her Papillon that she took it with her
to her own execution.
AKC: Group 5 - Toys
ANKC: Group 1 - Toy
CKC: Group 5 - Toys
FCI: Group 9 Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniel
KC: Non-Sporting - Toys
UKC: Companion Breeds