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Although the history is somewhat unclear,
the Scottish Terrier descends from a long
line of terrier ancestors that has existed
in Scotland since well before the 16th Century.
All of these terriers, referred to as Scotch
Terriers, were well-developed, hard-working
assistants who helped keep down the population
of rats, otter, fox and wild cats. It wasn't
until the advent of the dog show in 1859
that an effort was made to sort out the
various terriers and to establish standards
and uniform type. By 1881, The "Hard-Haired
Scotch Terrier" was officially recognized
and, two years later, the name was changed
to Scottish Terrier. In 1881 this breed
was imported to Canada, and it found its
way to America shortly after. The Scottish
Terrier adapts to all living conditions
but needs a brisk, daily walk.
Height: The height of a Scottish
Terrier is 10" (25.4cm).
Scottish Terriers weigh 18 - 21 lbs (8 -
The Scottish Terrier has a double coat.
The outer coat is hard, wiry and about 2"
(5 cm) in length. There is a soft, dense
undercoat as well.
Colors of the Scottish Terriers coat ranges
from gray to black to brindle to wheaten.
Considerable effort is required to keep
this breed well-groomed.
Like most terriers, the Scottish
Terrier is feisty and mischievous with other
dogs but is also intensely loyal to family
members. He is lively and playful and makes
a good watch dog.
The most common genetic health issues
for the Scottish Terrier include Scottie
Cramp, Von Willebrand's Disease, Cushing's
Syndrome, thyroid problems, epilepsy, lower
jaw abnormalities, liver disease and juvenile
cataracts. The life expectancy of a Scottish
Terrier is 12 - 15 years.
For a short while in the 1800s, the
Scottish Terrier was mistakenly referred
to as the Aberdeen Terrier. This is because
many of the original winners at the dog
shows had been bred by a breeder from Aberdeen,
A Scottish Terrier by the name of "Sadie"
is the 2010 Best in Show Winner at the 134th
Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
AKC: Group 4 - Terriers
ANKC: Group 2 - Terriers
CKC: Group 4 - Terriers
FCI: Group 3 Section 2 Small-sized Terriers
KC: Sporting - Terrier Group